International Rutano Estokada & Haribon Dumog Federation

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What is Estokada?

Estokada or estocada is a Spanish word meaning "to thrust, stab, to lunge" or a "death blow". It is one of the names they used  to refer to an indigenous martial art found in the Philippines. The names Arnis, Kali, and Eskrima are the more popular ones.

Areas Of Training

Single Sword / Single Stick

       This area of training concentrates on the use of single sword during training. Various slashing, chopping, and cutting techniques are taught to the student, as well as various blocking, parrying, and deflections to counter an attack. The use of live blade during training resulted in a lot of injuries to the practitioner. To avoid this a stick was introduced to lessen the severity of injuries. In the beginning, the techniques being taught is what applies to a sword fight. Later on, however, the stick evolve as a separate weapon with techniques and fighting strategies influenced by the characteristic of the weapon. Understanding the difference between these two weapons will help a practitioner, from a self-defense standpoint to not only effectively wield any of these weapon, but also to counter them. The principles learned in this area of training is applicable to environmental weapons found in our surrounding.

Double Sword / Double Stick

       In this area of training, the emphasis is on the development of skill in being able to used two equal length weapons in conjunction with each other, as well as independent of each other. 

Spada Y Daga / Sword/Stick & Dagger

       This area of training focuses on the ability of the practitioners to wield two (2) unequal weapons. Understanding the different ranges of combat (i.e. long, medium, close) is critical to be able to employ the right kind of weapon at a particular range.

Solo / Doble Daga (Single / Double Dagger)

       Knife is the weapon of choice nowadays. Assault or muggings always involved the use of the said weapon. In order to effectively  defend yourself against a knife attack, you must first know how to use the  said weapon. In this area of training we teach our student various ways to use the blade, as well as ways how to counter these attacks, such as: evasion, controlling, and disarming techniques.

Dos Manos

      Dos Manos means two hands or two fists and is a term used to refer to the manipulation of various kinds of weapons. In this area of training, the use of a heavier and long weapon is taught. Weapons such as "kampilan" (a long heavy sword), "bangkaw / sibat" (spear / staff) are taught. Skills developed in this training is easily transferable to empty-hand fighting.


      Panuntukan literally translate to "fist fighting". In this area of training the use of various natural weapons of the human body is taught, such as: finger jabs to the eye, fist strike, palm strike, hammer fist, forearm smashes, elbow strikes, head butts, shoulder and hip smashes. Panuntukan is referred to as "dirty boxing".

Sikaran or Panadyakan

      Sikaran or Panadyakan is the opposite of panuntukan, literally translated as "foot fighting". In this area of training, the use of various parts of the legs as a weapon is taught. Kicks in this art are employed in various ways and manner, and is usually directed to the low line area. The emphasis in this art is the incapacitation of the opponent's legs. At close quarter, the knees are employed effectively. The combination of "panuntukan" and "sikaran" gives you a very effective empty hand self-defense system.

Tanikalang Kamay / Kadena De Mano

      Tanikalang Kamay or Kadena De Mano literally translated means "chain of hands". This term describes the constant and rapid motions of both hands. This art is the empty hand translation of all weapons techniques in close quarters. Every natural weapons in the human anatomy are employed in this range of fighting. The trapping and destruction of the opponent's limbs is the priority in this art. This is commonly called "defanging the snake". This is the art to use before going into  the grappling range.

Dumog / Layug

      Dumog / layug  are Visayan words that means grappling / wrestling. In this area of training various pressure points and leverage are taught to manipulate opponents much larger than you. Practitioners of dumog are able to choke, strangle, throw, sweep, and secure various locks with or without the use of a weapon. Common everyday items such as: clothing, handkerchief, belt, etc. are used to aid in the execution of techniques.

Copyright © 2006  Daniel G. Rutano.  All Rights Reserved